Researching American History Series. In 1853 Reverend Charles Loring Brace founded the first of many orphanages and social agencies to help provide for the homeless street children of New York City. Noting the need for laborers and the desire for more children in other parts of the country, Brace's Children's Aid Society began a practice of "placing out" these children to families in over forty states. Eventually, thousands of children, accompanied by agents from charitable associations, traveled to their new surroundings on what would be called the "orphan trains." This anthology includes several of the orphans' letters, memoirs, agents' first-hand accounts of the "placing out" system, ads for finding homes for the children, indenture and adoption papers, and a section of document based questions for students. A sidebar on each page provides vocabulary, where needed.